<%@LANGUAGE="JAVASCRIPT" CODEPAGE="1252"%> Anti-Docking Dogs' Tails and Cropping of Dogs' Ears - puppy sales and health
Anti-Docking Alliance  (A.D.A.)
Campaign to end the docking of dogs' tails (and cropping of ears)
BEFORE PURCHASING A PUPPY PLEASE READ ALL OTHER INFORMATION
ON THIS LINK PAGE

Remember that "A Dog is for LIFE" not for convenience. Don't buy a puppy without
researching the breed and believing that you will give that dog a home for life.
Only take on an animal where you are confident you can provide for it

Neuter your pets if you do not plan to show or breed) to reduce the chances of unwanted litters - controversial, but unfortunately one of the causes for rescue organisations having to care for so many unwanted animals
Microchip your pet so if it does go missing it can easily be traced back to you. Compulsory in N. Ireland.
'From that date (April 6, 2016) in England owners will need to have their dog microchipped and registered on one of the authorised commercial databases available; owners will have to register the details of any new owner before they sell or give the dog away. Any owner will have to keep their contact details up to date on the microchip databases.
'Defra is working with database providers and microchip suppliers to ensure minimum standards of service for commercial databases and standards of microchips, and that there is updated implantation guidance and training available as well as a one-stop enquiry point for microchipped lost and found dogs.'

Make sure you can afford veterinary treatment before taking on an animal
BREEDERS/BUYERS - Please use a seller/buyer contract see
http://www.bva.co.uk/news/2776.aspx
THIS PAGE PASTORAL AND TOY GROUPS
PASTORAL GROUP DOGS and Breed Health
Australian Shepherd; Old English Sheepdog, Powlish Lowland Sheepdog, Pyrenean Sheepdog, Swedish Vallhund,
Welsh Pembroke Corgi
NOTE - Shepherding breeds can carry the mdr-1 gene which makes them more sensitive to many drugs normally kept away from the brain by a barrier. Dogs with this gene have reduced tolerance to some drugs which are neurotoxic includes Ivermectin Loperamide (Imodium) and a number of anaesthetics, chemotherapeutic drugs and other agents
Get your dog TESTED for the mdr-1 gene and tell your Vet if your dog carries the gene Alternative treatments are often available
TOY GROUP DOGS and Breed Health
Affenpinscher, Australian Silky Terrier, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, King Charles Spaniel, Griffon Bruxellois, Miniature Pinscher, Yorkshire Terrier
Some of the following breed health notes
are incomplete and will be gradually up-dated as information becomes available
.  
LISTED AS DOG GROUP FIRST -
e.g
. PASTORAL followed by TOY breeds,        
PHOTOS OF PASTORAL GROUP
Australian Shepherds, Old English Sheepdogs,
Polish Lowland Sheepdogs, Pyrenean Sheepdogs,Swedish Vallhunds, Pembroke Welsh Corgis

DETAILS OF PASTORAL GROUP
"A Dog is for LIFE" - don't buy a puppy without researching the breed
and believing that you will give the puppy a home for life.
Australian Shepherds, Old English Sheepdogs,
Polish Lowland Sheepdogs,
Pyrenean Sheepdogs, Swedish Vallhunds,
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD DOG







This breed can produce short-tailed puppies. 
Malcolm Willis Geneticist  has said 'Always be careful
about buying a puppy born with a short tail (tail-less/bobtail)

In
Manx cats the homozygous state is lethal; there are no
tail-less dog breeds. Short-spined dogs have been found
in Japan but it is likely that these are
"manufacturing defects" thrown up after something goes
wrong during pregnancy.  A lot of spinal problems do
occur in dogs.'
 




































tailless gene - partial tail

Australian Shepherd Dog (may carry the mdr-1 gene -
important to test)
KC registrations: 1993=0; 94=315; 95=102; 96=69;
97=32; 98=68; 99=65; 2000=52; 01=87; 02=84; 03=84;
04=66; 05=41;
06=54; 07=113; 08=48; 09=47; 0=135;
11=142; 2012=124;
HIPS to 31/10/11=650 in breed scored; range 2-71;
mean score = 10
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scoress less than the
mean score


Eye problem under investigation.  Some have tailless gene
KC DNA testing scheme 2009: CEA/CH and prcd-PRA
Optigen, (HC-HSF - same gene in Boston and
Staffordshire Terriers and French Bulldogs),
AHT,

Malcom Willis (Geneticist) says it carries the merle gene
(as do Rough Collies, Dachshunds, Great Danes). Merle is
patches of grey on the coat and this is caused by the genetic
combination of Mm, i.e. they are heterozygous for the (M)
allele. Most breeds do not carry merle and all members of the
breed are mm. In breeds where the M allele exists it is possible
to create MM individuals when two Mm animals are mated.
The MM combination gives rise to deaf white dogs, often with
eye defects such as small and impaired vision. If one does
not mate Mm to Mm this this homozygous state cannot
occur. That being said there is some German research
undertaken on Dachshunds (where merle is described as
dapple) that even Mm animals can in a high proportion
have some impairment of vision and hearing. Therefore it is
argued that, despite the attractiveness of merle, the colour is
undesirable. Not all merles are implicated with this gene but
as some are it suggests caution with this gene.
Hip dysplasia
this breed is among the safest and best. Incidence
of any problem is minimal.
Skeletal
Some cases of Australian Shephered Lethal Skeletal
Defect syndrome. Genetic origin unknown but can cause cleft
palate, shortened muzzle and as it is lethal it is therefore self
limiting. It is rare. Patella luxation (dislocation of kneecap)
is known as is OCD .
Dogs can also suffer from Panosteitis leading to lameness in
puppies but most recover at about 12 months. Dwarfism is
known and thought to be X-linked recessive but again rare.
Some A. S dogs are born without tails - condition known as
"bobtail". This is becoming less common and is not desirable
(see above).
Eyes
:
Coming from its sheepdog origins, the breed does have
Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) a recessive trait. It also has
Cataracts, Glaucoma, PRA and Lens Luxation. The latter
two are autosomal recessive traits but the mode of inheritance
of the former two is not clear in this breed. Eye testing for
CEA in early life is desirable and annual tests are
recommended for the other problems.
Heart defects
:
Heart diseases are known in most breeds and
the Aussie is no exception. Some get Patent Ductus Arteriosus,
Persistent Right Aortic Arch (also known to be in German
Shepherds and can give rise to sickness from about 5 weeks
of age and can be identified by x-ray) and Pulmonic Stenosis
where the pulmonary artery is narrowed close to the heart and
gives rise to heart murmur and enlargement of right side of
heart. All these are likely to be spotted
early in the dog's life. Another rare problem is Portosystemic
shunt where dogs are born with extra vessels which permit
blood to bypass the liver - it usually required surgical correction.

Otherwise the breed, like most herders, is a fairly safe breed
and serious defects are rare and usually identifiable early in life.

Of greatest concern is the merle x merle mating and it is
necessary to ensure that these are not made as they will give
rise to serious life-style impairment problems as stated above.

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights California
**Cataract; cleft palate; Collie eye anomaly; deafness;
dwarfism; hip dysplasia; hypothyroidism; microphthalmia;
multiple colobomata; osteo chondritis dissecans;
osteo chondrosis; persistent pupillary membrane;
progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment;
retinal dysplasia; spina bifida; umbilical hernia; vitiligo;
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada-like syndrome; Von Willebrand's
disease.


KC Accredited breeders should hip score
From 1/7/07 KC registered breeders will move on to Schedule A for
hereditary cataract (HC)                                                                                              

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious
breeders/owners of ASs see :-
http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1503/h
saustralianshepherd.pdf

NB This breed can carry the mdr-1 gene and should be
tested for it as certain drugs can kill or make them very ill
see this page for full details of drugs concerned http://www.laboklin.co.uk/laboklin/showGeneticTest.jsp?test
ID=8032

http://anti-dockingalliance.co.uk/oes_1.htm
PLEASE GET THEM TESTED!


AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD PUPPIES


UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than a newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD Missouri USA
contact
australian shepherd
   CORGI WELSH  (CARDIGAN) UNDOCKED BREED CORGI WELSH (CARDIGAN) UNDOCKED BREED (PASTORAL GROUP)
KC registrations: 1993=86; 94=107; 95=102; 96=95; 97=98; 98=83; 99=79;
2000=77; 01=50; 02=56; 03=74; 04=66; 05=41; 06=54; 07=113; 08=48; 09=47; 0=135;11=142; 2012=124;
10=; 11=108; 2012=94

Parents should be eye tested. Check for temperament.
KC Accredited breeders should DNA test for rogressive Retinal Atrophy
2007 Eye Test (rcd 3)

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of WCCs see :-
http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1638/hswelshcorgicardigan.pdf

WELSH CORGI CARDIGAN PUPPIES
UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than a newspaper/web advertisement)
http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
CORGI WELSH PEMBROKE





CORGI WELSH PEMBROKE (PASTORAL GROUP)
KC registrations: 1993=1274; 94=1036; 95=941; 96=841; 97=812; 98=627;
99=606; 2000=647; 01=601; 02=518
;03=559; 04=618; 05=491; 06=533;
07=471; 08=464;
09=329; 10=363; 11=371; 2012=333
HIPS to 31/10/11=30 in breed scored; range 9-58;
mean score = 24
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scoress less than the
mean score

No problems known to breeders. Some have tailless gene. 
Check for temperament.
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Cataract; cervical disc disease; corneal dystrophy; cutaneous asthenia;
cystinuria; dystosia; epilepsy; hypothyroidism; lens luxation; persistent
pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia;
Von Willebrand's diseaseCanine Epilepsy Support Group
Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329


Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of WPCs see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1639/hswelshcorgipembroke.pdf

This breed can produce short-tailed puppies.  Malcolm Willis
Geneticist  has said 'Always be careful about buying a puppy born
with a short tail (tail-less/bobtail)

  In Manx cats the homozygous state is lethal; there are no tail-less
dog breeds. Short-spined dogs have been found in Japan but it is
likely that these are "manufacturing defects" thrown up after
something goes wrong during pregnancy.  A lot of spinal
problems do occur in dogs.'

Dr. Leigh Anne Clark , Assistant Professor (Canine Genetics) at
Clemson University is working on EPI ( Exocrine Pancreatic
Insufficiency ) Genetic Research and needs your help.
If you don't have a corgi with EPI, please read and pass this 
lifesaving brochure to other corgi owners. If you have a corgi with EPI,
Dr Clark is looking to collect DNA samples from purebred corgis, as well
as purebred Labrador retrievers. EPI corgi owners can contact
Jacquelyn Evans at  jacquee@clemson.edu to obtain free cheek swabs,
instructions, consent form, pre-addressed stamped envelope to Dr Clark's
lab at Clemson University.

For more info on EPI


WELSH PEMBROKE CORGI PUPPIES
UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than a newspaper/web advertisement)
http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
SHEEPDOG OLD ENGLISH

Solomon and Sheba (Tailormade)


Jezebel first tailed OES to be shown at Crufts .
first British tailed OES to be shown in Europe


First tailed Dulux dog

This breed can, but very rarely, produce short-tailed puppies.  Malcolm Willis Geneticist  has said 'Always be careful about buying a puppy born with a short tail (tail-less/bobtail) In Manx cats tge homozygous state is lethal; there are no tail-less dog breeds. Short-spined dogs have been found in Japan but it is likely that these are "manufacturing defects" thrown up after something goes wrong during pregnancy.  A lot of spinal problems do occur in dogs.'


OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG (PASTORAL GROUP) May carry
the mdr-1 gene - important to test (see below) Some
medications such as anaesthetics may harm the carriers.

FOR FULL INFORMATION ON BREED go to OES


KC registrations: 1993=1721; 94=1505; 95=1552;
96=1385; 97=1269; 98=959; 99=988; 2000=759;
01=763; 02=620; 03=729; 04=603; 05=663; 06=536;
07=692; 08=529;
09=413; 10=507; 11=401; 12=429;
HIPS to 31/10/11=1809 in breed scored; range 0-100;
mean score = 18
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scores less than the
mean score

HD average (21) Figure in brackets is breed average
hip score
HD fairly good hips; HD borderline hip dysplasia;
HD serious hip dysplasia

Parents should be eye tested and hip scored; Torsion;
Umbilical herniae; skin problems (including Cheyletiella
mites "walking dandruff" and- Sebaceous Adenitis
consult Vet about treatment as some treatments include
Ivermectin, Acerpromazine and other products that can be
harmful to carriers of the MDR-1 gene: ;
entropion; check for temperament

Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says elbow dysplasia
particularly luxation of the radius at upper end of bone
may well be inherited at a relatively high level. 1,395
dogs by 2004 hip scored average = 19.68; advises not
to breed above 30; since 1995 there
has been a decline in submissions leaving the breed
open to risk as it ranks high on hip dysplasia.
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) usual onset about
4yrs old believed to be inherited as simple recessive.
Early onset congenital hereditary cataracts. Second type
cataract later in onset but no earlier than 9 months,
inheritance unknown. Multiple ocular defects which
may include cataracts, persistent pupillary membranes,
retinal defects and small eyes - mostly seen from birth,
genetics currently unknown. Blood - can suffer from
haemophilia B (Christmas disease) - sex linked but
rarer than haemophilia A - affects factor IX not VIII
(as in Haemophilia A). Almost always affects males.
Immune-mediated thrombocytopaenia fairly common
and leads to immune system attacking blood platelets.
Inheritance unclear. Haemolytic anaemia can affect
middle-aged dogs and some younger,
causes mild to severe anaemia though some respond
to treatment - inheritace unclear. Cancers - sweat gland
tumours and higher than normal brain tumours usually
in older dogs (9+). Nasal cavity carcinomas often older
dogs - inheritance unknown. Other conditions:- dilated
cardiomyopathy where heart has larger chamber size, a
thinner heart wall and reduced heartbeat power - may
be genetic but not so in all cases. Testicular descent
(cryptorchidism) and also dental problems possibly
related to complex genetic basis. Hypothyroidism.
2009 - recessive gene defect causing respiratory disease
in puppies dying before 6 months. Univ of Liege are
studying and working on a respiratory disease affecting
Old English Sheepdog (OES) puppies called primary ciliary
dyskinesia (PCD). Thanks to the help of several breeders
we were not only able to identify the responsible mutation
of PCD in OES but also to develop a genetic test
determining the genetic status of the dog (healthy, carrier
or affected). We will be able to start testing blood samples
from OES from January 2010. The price will be 50 Euros.
You may already send Liege University blood samples
from the dogs you wish to know the status (healthy, carrier
or affected). Here is the address to use:
LUPA Project - PCD, Unité de génomique Animale
Avenue de l'hôpital, 1 B34
4000 Liège Belgique


** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs -
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal
Rights - California
**Addison's Disease; Cataract; Demodicosis; Distichiasis;
Entropion; Factor X deficiency; Folliculitis; Granulomatous
sebaceous Adenitis; Haemolytic Anaemia; Haemophilia B;
Hip Dysplasia; Hypoadrenocorticism; Hypopigmentation lip
and nose; Hypothyroidism; Intestinal Malabsorbtiuon;
Lymphocytic thyroiditis; Osteochondritis dissecans;
Osteochondrosis; Pododermatitis; Progressive retinal
atrophy; Retinal detachment; Retinal dysplasia;
Sebaceous adenitis; Spondyiolisthesis (Wobbler's
Syndrome); Thrombocytopenia; Thyroiditis;Vitiligo;
von Willebrand's disease.

KC Accredited breeders should hip score and eye test

NB This breed (Shepherds) can carry the
mdr-1 gene and can get severe if not fatal
drug re-action to certain drugs. See this link
below for detailed information
MORE INFO ON OES
http://www.laboklin.co.uk/laboklin/showGeneticTest.jsp?testID=8032
http://anti- dockingalliance.com/oes-1.htm


Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious
breeders/owners of OES see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1604/hsoldenglishsheepdog.pdf

BANNED for 5 years in 2006 from keeping dogs. 
Langdale Wilcox (70) Peterborough and Phillip Wilcox (40)
Somersham. Old English Sheepdog bitch (Molly) had large
mammry tumour and no Vet attention sought, a matted coat
and also joint problems for probably 6 months

puppybarks
OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG PUPPIES


& LIFESTYLE - contact
A.D.A.
or download OES Breed and Health Information

 

SHEEPDOG  - POLISH LOWLAND





POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG (PASTORAL GROUP) May carry the
mdr-1 gene - should be TESTED

KC registrations: 1993=112; 94=83; 95=80; 96=84; 97=86; 98=69; 99=62;
2000=70;
01=42; 02=68; 03=35; 04=37; 05=43; 06=68; 07=63; 08=63; 09=75;
10=26;
11=55; ; 2012= 65;
HIPS to 31/10/11=414in breed scored; range 5-60;

mean score = 16
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scoress less than the mean
score


Eye problem under investigation 
Some have tailless gene
. Check for temperament.

KC Accredited breeders should hip score and eye examine

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious
breeders/owners of PLS see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1609/hspolishlowlandsheepdog.pdf
Skeletal: hip dysplasia
, (arthritis and hind limb lameness) ;rare
reports of forelimb lameness ; dysplasia elbow in juvenile/young adults;.

Endocrine: Hypothyroidism (immune attack?; Diabetes (autoimmune)
Eyes: CPRA Central Progressive Retinal Atrophy
;
RPED Retinal Pigment Epithelial Dystrophy (degenerative leading to
blindness - usually related to poor diet and can be
avoided by adding Vit E); Not yet known in UK - Neuronal Ceroid
Lipofuscinosis - insoluble lipid particles deposited in neurons
in retina and brain By 2yrs. those affected show abnormal bahavious,
limb problems with loss of vision and blindness

POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than a newspaper/web advertisement)
http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
SHEEPDOG PYRENEAN LONG-HAIRED
pyrenean



This breed can produce short-tailed puppies. 
Malcolm Willis Geneticist  has said
'Always be careful about buying a puppy born with a
short tail (tail-less/bobtail)
.  In Manx cats the homozygous state
is lethal; there are no tail-less dog breeds. Short-spined
dogs have been found in Japan but it is likely that these are
"manufacturing defects" thrown up after something
goes wrong during pregnancy.  A lot of spinal problems do
occur in dogs.'

PYRENEAN SHEEPDOG (PASTORAL GROUP)
May carry the mdr-1 gene - should be TESTED

KC registrations: 1993=14; 94=11; 95=8; 96=13; 97=22; 98=19; 99=19;
2000=10; 01=28; 02=7;03=35;  04=34; 05=20; 06=25; 07=27; 08=27; 09=6;
10=36; 11=5; 2012=12;
HIPS to 31/10/11=105 in breed scored; range 3-77;
mean score = 14
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scores less than the mean
score

Check parental hip scores when buying a pup.

Some have tailless gene.  Check for ttemperament
No Health Survey done by breed for Kennel Club
A small and rare breed in the UK so no large genetic pool of information
available. HIPS: H. dyplasia may occur in older dogs later in life leading
to arthritis and lameness.
Patellar luxation has also been known ( dislocation of kneecap). Can occur
suddenly or after trauma but can be remedied.
FITS (Epilepsy) has been reported may be inherited but not known.
Check parental lines for disease before buying a pup.

EAR & EYE:Progressive retinal atrophy (gradual loss of eyesight in
middle age + found in USA but not yet reported in UK
COAT: Merle coat colour can be indicative of deafness and if
crossed the double merle progeny may suffer eye defects
(such as small eye with 3rd eyelid visible.
EYES: Collie eye anomaly (choroidal hyperplasia )
rear of eye shows
folding can be found in younger dogs. Multifocal retinopathy a similar
disease has also been reported. DNA tests are available . Always check
that dam and sire have had clear BVA eye testing results although
it may be found that breeders of this breed do not consider it a problem
and dogs are not being tested).
HEART: In ancestry there was recorded a developmental disorder
(patent ductus arteriosus) The PS Club hope they have eradicated this
but it is recommended that 4 week old puppies are tested. If purchasing
a pup check test has been done.
Always see the dam with her pups and possibly sire
too. Make sure pups
are health checked before purchase.

PYRENEAN SHEEPDOG PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but better than a newspaper/web advertisement)
http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
SWEDISH VALLHUND

vallhund



SWEDISH VALLHUND (PASTORAL GROUP)
KC registrations: 1993=111; 94=57; 95=60; 96=68; 97=45; 98=65; 99=37;
2000=64; 01=33; 02=17; 03=40; 04=40
; 05=39; 06=46; 07=40;08=40;
09=50; 10=29;11=43;
2012=33;
HIPS to 31/10/11=190 in breed scored; range 2-40;
mean score = 11
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scoress less than the mean
score


KC Accredited breeders should
hip score
Check for temperament

Dr. Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says in general the SV is a fairly healthy
breed with a long lfe span. Long coats do appear in the breed and these
are regarded as undesirable in the show ring but it is inherited from a
simple recessive gene.
Two long coats cannot produce short coated progeny. Skeletal: Breed Clubs
recommend hip scoring and eye testing.
So far the average hip score is 13. It is also recommended not to have close
matings as the gene pool is small because the breed is now on the
endangered/protected register.
Patella luxation (kneecap slipping) not know how it is inherited.
EYE : Retinal dysplasia but not known to be in UK. The Breed Club
recommends testing for
JK175 found in Finland and the USA. It is a type of PRA (progressive
retinal atrophy) but so far nothing definite identified. TAIL: The breed
accepts all types of tail in the show ring . Just over half SVs are born
without a tail in varying degrees and it is the breed with the highest
incidence of tailless gene and the way this is inherited is unclear. It has
been found that when a tailless SV is mated to another breed spina bifida
has been found. It is therefore recommended that tailless matings are not
done. Tailed dogs can also produce problem tails.
Other problems
: as in any breed mouth problems occur such as
incorrect bites. Unilateral cryptorchids can occur (one descended testicle)
Also cleft palate has been reported.


Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners of SV
see :-
http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1633/hsswedishvallhund.pdf




This breed can produce short-tailed puppies. 
Malcolm Willis Geneticist  has said 'Always be
careful about buying a puppy born with a short tail (tail-less/bobtail)
.  In
Manx cats the homozygous state is lethal; there are no tail-less dog breeds. Short-spined dogs have been found in Japan but it is likely that these are "manufacturing defects" thrown up after something goes wrong during pregnancy.  A lot of spinal problems do occur in dogs.'

SWEDISH VALLHUND PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better
than a newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
TOY GROUP PHOTOS
Affenpinscher; Australian Silky Terrier;
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; Griffon Bruxellois;
King Charles Spaniel; Miniature Pinscher; Yorkshire Terrier
TOY GROUP PHOTOS
Affenpinscher; Australian Silky Terrier;
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; Griffon Bruxellois;
King Charles Spaniel; Miniature Pinscher; Yorkshire Terrier
AFFENPINSCHER
affen




AFFENPINSCHER
KC registrations: 2002=119, 2003=196; 2004=178;
2005=147; 2006=128; 2007=118; 2008=144; 2009=144;
2010=68; 2011=114; 2012= 121;
HIPS to 31/10/11=63 in breed scored; range 6-90;

mean score = 16
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scoress less than the mean
score

Dr Malcolm Willis Geneticist says is numerically small breed which
suggests that inherited disease will not often be seen. Skeletal problems :-
Hip Dysplasia (HD) has been located. 30 dogs listed as hip scored with
range of 6-52 ( average 14.7 ) which is of concern. Legg Perthes disease
which causes necrosis of the femoral head (sometimes confused with HD
but is distinct although also polygenically controlled. Patella luxation also
polygenically controlled and causes dislocation of the knee cap.
Other conditions:- The ductus arteriosus is a foetal vessel running from
the aorta and pulmonary artery. After birth it should regress and vanish
but in some dogs it persists after birth. If this is the case, it causes
weakness, heart murmurs and may result in death. Known as patent
ductus arteriosus.
Failure of one or both testicles to descent is not
uncommon (cryptoorchidism). Cause likely to be complex genetically.
Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of As see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1495/hsaffenpinscher.pdf

AFFENPINSCHER PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than a
newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
TERRIER  -  AUSTRALIAN SILKY




TERRIER - AUSTRALIAN SILKY (TOY GROUP)
KC registrations: 1993=11; 94=15; 95=19; 96=40; 97=26; 98=17; 99=32;
2000=31; 01=17; 02=23; 03=8; 04=19; 05=31;
06=18; 07=23; 08=41; 09=11;
10=23;11=11; 2012=19;
No problems known to breeders   Check for temperaments
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
** cataract; crypptorchidism; diabetes mellitus;  hydrocephalus; 
Legge-Perthes syndrom
e

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of ASTs see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1504/hsaustraliansilkyterrier.pdf

AUSTRALIAN SILKY TERRIER PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than
a newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
GRIFFON BRUXELLOIS




GRIFFON BRUXELLOIS (TOY GROUP)  
KC registrations: 1993=193; 94=196; 95=222; 96=163; 97=208; 98=178;
99=185; 2000=146; 01=141; 02=141; 03=192; 04=172; 05=185; 06=174;
07=170; 08=224; 09=173;
10=201; 20 11=160; 2012=148;
Patella problems Eye problem under investigation.  Check for temperaments
Dr Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says: Only 4 dogs have been hip scored -
lowest score 15, highest 61; average = (27.7). Figure in brackets is
breed average hip score

HD fairly good hips
; HD borderline hip dysplasia; HD serious hip
dysplasia

?Legg Calve Perthes disease. Eyes - cataracts (not proven as hereditary but
suspected so testing recommended) The breed is currently on the
BVA/KC/ISDS scheme to see if it is inherited. Refractory corneal ulceration,
the breed appears predisposed usually occurring in middle-age and may be
associated with distichiasis or trichiasis. Distichiasis is presence of extra
eyelashes that irritate eye. Trichiasis is xcaused by hair growing near the eye
and cause irritation. Entropion and ectropion might also be seen at intervals.


Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of GBs see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1569/hsgriffonbruxellois.pdf


** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

* *Aberrant cilia; cataract; distichiasis; progressive retinal atrophy;
short skull; shoulder abnormalities
puppybarks
GRIFFON BRUXELLOIS PUPPIES
UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than a
newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
USA - GRIFFON BRUXELLOIS - USA NH - -  email A.D.A.
SPANIEL - CAVALIER KING CHARLES (TOY GROUP)



SPANIEL - CAVALIER KING CHARLES (TOY GROUP)
KCRegistrations:1993=13705;94=13772;95=14449;96=13941;97=13022;
98=12702; 99=11577; 2000=11415; 01=10309;02=9984;03=10614; 04=10,733
;
05=11,165; 06=11,411;  07=11422; 08=11226; 09=8884; 10
=8154
; 11=7446;
2012= 5970;

HIPS to 31/10/11=270 in breed scored; range0-92;
mean score = 16
fairly good hips; borderline hip dysplasia; serious hip dysplasia

Buy puppies from parents with scoress less than the mean
score
This is a breed popular with puppy farmers because it is a
breed popular with the public.  Please do not buy from
anyone who says
theywill deliver to you or a service station
and only gives a mobile telephone number.  Make sure you
see all genuine eye and heart certificates before purchassing and
check that KC registration papers are genuine with the
Kennel Club before purchasing (although there is as yet no
guarantee that the information given by the breeder to the
KC is correct).

Consider  Rescue Mrs Pagan 01245 320488 - 500-700 a year
in rescue!!!!

HD average (17) Figure in brackets is breed average hip score
HD fairly good hips
; HD borderline hip dysplasia; HD serious hip dysplasia

Mitral valve disease.  Syringomyelia -. check this out on http://www.thecavalierclub.co.uk   Heart testing
recommended.  Parents and puppies should be eye tested...

Cavalier Breed Club see http://www.thecavalierclub.co.uk
has puppy register tel 01490 430554

The Kennel Club from 2007 are restricting the registration of colours of
puppies that are genetically incompatible with those of their parents.
Only Blenheims may be registered where the dam and sire are both
recorded as Blenheim as this is the only possible outcome.

TAIL
STANDARD 2007 - Length of tail in balance  with body, well set on,
carried happily but never much above the level of the back.  Docking
previously optional when no more than one third was to be removed. .
Parents and puppies should be eye tested;   (syringomyelia
check this out on http://www.thecavalierclub.co.uk ) 
Check for temperaments

Malcolm Willis (geneticist) notes:- There are a number of inherited
problems
HEART:
Endocardiosis (mitral valve disease) is very common around 20%.
Over half aged four plus have a heart problem. Possibly inherited but not
proven. Patent ductus arteriosus is common in dogs which is in the
unborn and through to adult. Not always deleterious but can be a killer.
Thought to be polygenetic inheritance. (ADA = All dogs should be
screened so only buy from a breeder who can show the official results of
screening. done through the CKCS Club)
. EYES: Entropion - in-turned
eyelids also likely to inherited. Distichiasis (abnormal eyelid growth)
probably inherited. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (lack of tear production)
can be found in this breed. Causes drying of eye and corneal inflammation.
Can be caused by infection, result of medication or inherited. Cataracts
can become complete in the young adult and is likely to be inherited.
Also multifocal retinal dysplasia is congenital and inherited as autosomal
recessive. Progressive retinal atrophy is common in all dogs and can
be found in Cavaliers as late as 5 yrs old. Thought to be autosomal recessive.  
(ADA = Parent dogs should have BVA/KC/SDS eye test certificates)
.
EPILEPSY
. -Idiopathic/primary epilepsy is seen in the breed and probably
inherited although the way in which it is inherited has not yet become clear.
SYRINGOMYELIA -
common in the breed. Fluid filled cavities form
in spinal cord perceived to be a change in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid.
Usually found between 6 and 24 months it can also occur later. Clinical
symptoms include scratching around neck, ears, shoulder or chest and
will will sometimes scratch on the move without making contact. Creates
pain sometimes in the neck.
Research is currently being undertaken in this by Vets.


** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Cardio myopathy; cataract; corneal dystrophy; diabetes mellitus;
distichiasis; entropion; hypothyroidism; keratitis sicca; microphthalmia;
patellar luxation; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia;
thrombocytopaenia;


EPILEPSY If you have experienced epilepsy in Cavaliers please contact  Bet 
Hargreaves  who is researching the condition 1 Boat Road, Thankerton , Biggar. 
ML12 6NU
Canine Epilepsy Support Group Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline
08707 469 329

Canine Epilepsy Support Group Mrs. Anne Morley,
Helpline 08707 469 329

KC Accredited breeders should
eye test and heart test as recommended by
Breed Club   2007 test for mitral valve dysplasia

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners of
CKCSs see :-

http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/download/1533/hscavalierkingcharles
spaniel.pdf


CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL PUPPIES
e
UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than
a newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/hom

SPANIEL  -  KING CHARLES
kcsWindsor

 

 

 

 




 

 

 

 



kcsWindsor










































SPANIEL - KING CHARLES (TOY GROUP)
KC registrations: 1993=265; 94=280; 95=361; 96=300; 97=267; 98=221;
99=221; 2000=185; 01=161; 02=150; 03=176; 04=157; 05=193; 06=251;
07=177; 08=187; 09=150; 10=199;11=180; 2012=217;
TAIL STANDARD 2007 - Docking previously optional. Docked - well
feathered not carried over or above level of back. Undocked - Well feathered
not carried over or above level of back. In overall balance with the rest
of the dog.
No problems known to breeders.  Check for temperaments

Dr Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says:- Possible cleft palate leading to
euthanasia. Rare defect patella luxation (kneecap twisted out of normal
location) believed inherited. Possible hip dysplasia but no KCS has
been hip scored. As it is short muzzled with a domed skull may be prone
to hydrocephalus and emlargement of the head has been
reported in the breed. Eyes - cataracts and retinal dysplasia have been
reported abroad and likelihood of entropion. Heart and spinal defects -
mitral and syringomyelia. Mitral valve disease (MVD) can cause coughing,
lethargy and occasional
collapse and death. Syringomyelia leads to
cavities in the spinal cord which fill with fluid; dog may become paralysed
at rear end or may stand very wide at the rear and scratching of the
shoulder is very common. Probably inherited with a recessive
autosomal explanation suspected but not proven. The heart condition
patus ductus arteriosis (PDA) is found and possibly more common
that MVD. Can lead to heart murmurs and sudden death
complex way.
Other defects such as minor hernias. Cryptorchidism (one or both
testicles not descending) is seen occasionally.
Diabetes mellitus occurs on rare occasions and appears inherited and may
prove to be a simple Mendelian trait.

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**cataract; cleft palate; corneal dystrophy; diabetes mellitus; entropion;
hanging tongue; patellar luxation; retinal dysplasia; umbilical hernia


Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of KCs see :-
None Done!


KING CHARLES PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but possibly better than
a newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
PINSCHER MINIATURE (TOY GROUP)
minpinscher




















PINSCHER MINIATURE (TOY GROUP)
KC registrations:  1993=189; 94=145; 95=170; 96=161; 97=197; 98=160;
99=161; 2000=156; 01=176; 02=181;03=170; 04=188; 05=270; 06=312;
07=331; 08=397; 09=384; 10=390;
11=411;2012=428;
Slipping patella

Check for temperaments
Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says numerically small breed Skeletal :
congenital shoulder luxation(now seems to be under control with few cases
appearing) EYES: some eye conditions have appeared in the breed.
Pannus (aka chronic superficial keratitis) a progressive inflammatory
disease of cornea (pigmentation of the cornea follows inflammation)
Corneal dystrophy (not inflammatory) This may be inherited but no
evidence as yet. Glaucoma affecting oiptic nerve. Some eye conditions
such as lens luxation and cataracts sometime bring glaucoma as

secondary. Cataract is opacity of the lens partial or complete. If they
are primary, genetic cause is likely or if secondary due to inflammation
of the eye of from various metabolic diseases. Diabetes Mellitus:
Due to lack of insulin and can occur from 4 years upwards with a peak

in middle age 7-9 years. Seems to be more prevalent in elderly entire
females. The condition can be treated successfully. Dermatological
Disorder
s: Colour dilution/alopaecia results in loss of hair in
blue or fawn Pinschers as coat colour is inherited and the genes that come
with these colours produce hair loss Pattern baldness is almost certainly inherited
and found in various breeds. Addison's disease : aka Hypoadrenocorticism or
adrenal insufficiency. It is an endocrine disorder
which is similar to other conditions making it difficult to diagnose. Dogs
may lose appetite, become listless, vomit and have diarrhoea, hind limb
lameness or muscle weakness etc
When diagnosed a dog can live a normal life. The Breed Club is hoping
to set up an open register where breeders can report cases of the disease
to help research

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; corneal dystrophy; dislocation of shoulder; entropion;
granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; inguinal hernia; keratitis sicca;
keratoma conjunctivitis sicca; Legg-Perthes disease; pannus;
progressive retinal atrophy; sebaceous adenitis.

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners of
MPs
see :- None done!


MINIATURE PINSCHER PUPPIES
UK - Please search the Kennel Club website
for ACCREDITED BREEDERS
(not perfected yet but better than a newspaper/web advertisement)
http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT
http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home
TERRIER  - YORKSHIRE
yorksterrierAAD
yorksterrier
















yorksterrier

















TERRIER - YORKSHIRE (TOY GROUP)
KC registrations: 1993= 13,041; 94=12343; 95=11,941; 96=10,850; 97=9,700;
98=8,818; 99=7,339; 2000=6,787; 01=5,069; 02=4,222; 03-4,073; 04=3877
;
05=3,628; 06=4042; 07=4055; 08=3951; 09=3767; 10=3441; 11=3040;
2012=2505;
Eye problem under investigation.  Rare cases of slipping patella and  Legge
Perthes disease
Check for temperaments
Dr. Malcolm Willis(Geneticist) :- Legge-Perthes disease also affects hip
joint but is a type of necrosis of femoral head and neck, thus leading
to lameness; possibly it is polygenic inheritance as is luxation of
patella/kneecap. 
Cataracts, entropion (inturned eyelids).  PRA
(progressive retinal atrophy) reported occasionally possibly  an
autosomal recessive.  Epilepsy cause may include primary or idiopathic epilepsy.  Hydrocephalus.  Anasarca (recessive trait) rare condition. 
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).  Atrial septal defect involving
right ventricle failure.  Cancer histiocytosis (systemic and malignant) disease
is of polygenic inheritance.  Hypothyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism which
can lead to skin problems. Colour dilution alopecia. Dermoid sinus (recessive). 
Ectopic ureter which is failure of ureter to be properly attached to bladder
causes urine dribbling. Fanconi's syndrome causes excess urine and dysfunction
of renal system.  Renal failure/renal dysplasia.  Kidney or bladder stones
usually triple phosphate.
Diabetes Mellitus.  Portosystemic shunt. Herniae umbilical and inguinal
former inherited  in a polygenic way.  Cryptorchidism bilateral dogs are
sterile; unilaterally affected dogs will have reduced fertility (69%) and reduced
libido (33%) and are best avoided in breeding programmes
.

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs
The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Cataract; Cushing's disease (hyperadrenocorticism); demodicosis;
distichiasis; entropion; hepatic portosystemic shunt or arterio-venous fistula;
hydrocephalus;  hypoplasia of Dens; hypothyroidism; keratitis
sicca; keratoconjunctivitis sicca; Legg-Perthes disease; patellar luxation;
persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment;
retinal dysplasia; seborrhoea; Von Willebrand's disease

Health Survey for the KC undertaken by conscientious breeders/owners
of YTs see :-

None done !

YORKSHIRE TERRIER PUPPIES

UK - Please search the Kennel Club website for ACCREDITED BREEDERS (not perfected yet but possibly better than
a newspaper/web advertisement) http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/psar/Default.aspx

BVA + RSPCA PUPPY BUYING/SELLING CONTRACT http://puppycontract.rspca.org.uk/home

USA - YORKSHIRE TERRIER BREEDER - USA  http://www.celticprideyorkies.com

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